Cloud mining offers a mechanism to mine a cryptocurrency such as bitcoin without having to install all the hardware and related paraphernalia. There are companies that allow people to open an account with them and participate in the process of cloud mining for a basic cost. However, the process makes mining accessible to a wider number of people across distant locations.
The process of cloud mining makes you a participant in a mining pool and involves buying a certain amount of “hash power.” Each participant has a rightful share of the profits in proportion to the allotted hashing power. Since cloud mining is done via cloud, it negates issues such maintenance of equipment or energy costs.